Petromidia Refinery

The pillar of the refining industry

The largest Romanian refinery and one of the most modern refineries in South East Europe, with a material impact in Dobrogea region and at national level.

Petromidia makes a significant contribution to development of Rompetrol’s business in Romania and in the Black Sea region. It plugs in the trading and supply business lines with fuel distribution in Rompetrol’s stations in Romania, Republic of Moldova, Bulgaria and Georgia.

Strategic positioning at the Black Sea

Petromidia enjoys a strategic position on the shores of the Black Sea, in Navodari, 20 km north of Port of Constanta.

Logistic benefits:

  • own marine terminal
  • facilities in Port of Midia: berths nos. 1-4 for crude oil and products, and berth no. 9 (A, B and C) for export of oil products.
  • own logistic railway system
  • access to Danube-Black Sea Canal

The marine terminal is the most important logistic asset of the refinery; it is located 8.6 km at sea, and can received ships of up to 160,000 TDW. With this terminal and the entire logistic system developed by the company in the region, Romania can become a regional energy hub, a connecting platform between the natural resources of Asia and the European demand for feedstock processing and production of oil products.

A complex refinery

Petromidia has a Nelson complexity index of 11.4, and processes crude oil with high sulphur content, obtaining only Euro-5 oil products.

Aligned to the BAT (Best Available Technologies) standards, Petromidia is also the first Romanian refinery to have successfully aligned to the European environmental regulations and fuel quality standards.

In order to achieve the current refinery complexity and ensure full compliance with the environmental requirements of the European Union, the Group invested over USD 450 million.

The refinery has the highest yield of white products in the region (85%), and ranks 9th among the 250 refineries in Europe and Africa*.

*Wood MacKenzie 2015

Production units of the refinery

    This complex set allows the refinery to obtain high yields for its white products.

  • atmospheric and vacuum distillation units
  • full range of hydrotreatment units
  • one for gasoline
  • one for kerosene
  • two for diesel
  • three conversion units:
  • mild hydrocracking
  • fluid catalytic cracking
  • delayed coker
  • new support units, such the sulphur recovery and tail gas treatment unit
  • hydrogen, nitrogen and flares plant
  • two modern line mixers for gasoline and diesel

Sustainable approach of the refining activities

The alignment of the refining units to the European environmental requirements, as well as evidence of sustainability of our products are just some of the requirements of the European Union in terms of environmental care and sustainable development of the refining activities.

All these requirements are supported by massive and constant investments, so that we can quickly anticipate and adapt to future needs and trends.

In fact, in the history of the two refineries we operate, Petromidia and Vega, there were many moments when we have implemented, for the first time on the local market, measures that later helped us a lot in our strategy. Learn more about projects and initiatives at the two refineries with Felicia Andrei, QHSE Manager.

Decrease emissions of sulphur dioxide

Petromidia refinery has a new modern liquefied petroleum gas recovery unit, a system that ensures a substantial reduction of sulphur dioxide emissions from the gases discharged to the refinery chimneys - significantly below the limit imposed by the European Environment regulations.

With a value of 4.6 million USD, this is a unique project in Romania and it is part of the Group's strategy of continuous modernization of the operational processes at the level of the two production units - the Petromidia Navodari and Vega Ploiesti refineries.

Find out more about LPG recovery by reading our press release here.

Digital transformation

Rompetrol Rafinare will invest 4 million USD for implementing a digital solution aiming at identifying optimal conditions for increasing the capacity, product quality improvement and reducing energy consumption in Petromidia refinery, Navodari.

All these aspects lead to the fourth industrial revolution – Industry 4.0, and Rompetrol continues to be a local pioneer by launching a comprehensive digital transformation program at the Petromidia refinery in Navodari.

The implementation of the digital solution - Advanced Process Control (APC) began in 2017 as a pilot project at the Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation Unit (DAV) – one of the most important units in the processing of crude oil that ensures the raw material for the rest of the installations from the refinery.

Find out more about APC by visiting our press release, here.

Automation of “In line Blending” Unit

The total investment of 3 million USD represents a new stage of the digital transformation program of the Petromidia refinery.

The implementation of the new digital system ensures detailed real-time analysis of the components and the final product obtained and, implicitly, a careful monitoring of fuel quality and compliance of them with the legislation in force.

The quality of the product obtained after the blending process is monitored and controlled through on-line analyzers, which transmit the data in real time to the operators.

More details here.

High-tech solutions for transports

Rompetrol Rafinare successfully implemented a real-time monitoring and control system for oil products traffic – Shunting Expert. The Shunting Expert application is a premiere at national level and in the Southeast of Europe, and Rompetrol Rafinare is the first company to use the state-of-the-art system to track traffic. The software is being used on the two platforms operated by Rompetrol Rafinare - the Petromidia Refinery and Vega Refinery from Ploieşti. Through the app, operators will have unlimited access to about 13,000 wagons monthly.

Find out more about Shunting Expert by visiting the link.

Petromidia Refinery, 40 years of operation

Figures that matter

Results 2023

In 2023, the Petromidia Navodari refinery processed just over 5 million tons of raw materials, managing to produce 1.38 million tons of gasoline and almost 2.5 million tons of diesel and special aviation fuel. Of the nearly 3.9 million tons of fuels, 65% were directed to the domestic market.

The Petromidia refinery managed to obtain, in 2023, a yield of white products of 84.1%wt, but also a record for the production of RON 98 gasoline and the production of special classes of diesel (Diesel 55, Efix Diesel, Super Diesel Euro 5).

Read more about the financial and operational results in 2023

  2020 2021 2022 2023
Total materii prime prelucrate Total feedstock, mt/days in operation
Total materii prime prelucrate Total feedstock, mt/year
4,8million tons
4,58million tons
5,26million tons
5,01million tons
Randament produse albe Produse albe, %wt
Indice de Intensitate Energetica Energy Intensity Index, %
Disponibilitate mecanica Mechanical Availability,%
Indice de Intensitate Energetica Technological loss,%
Indicele Nelson Nelson Index, %


2008 – 2012 - a new beginning

The most important engineering project was the program for modernization and refining capacity increase up to 5 million tons per year, amounting to more than USD 450 million.

Key objectives of modernization program:

  • Increasing the operational capacity of the refinery up to 5 million tons/year.
  • Meeting the EU and Romanian fuel quality standards - Euro-5 (regulation COM (2005) 693)
  • Increasing diesel production with 8% (from 37% up to 45%)
  • Rendering operation of the refinery compliant with the EU and Romanian environmental regulations (BAT system) (Directive 70/220/EEC)
  • Increasing mechanical availability and reliability for the refinery.

The new setup of the refinery includes:

  • Modernization of the Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) plant (to process inflows from the Mild Cracking plant).
  • Modernization of the existing Claus plant (to reduce NOx emissions).
  • Modernization of the VGO hydro-treating to diesel plant (to process the increased future quantity of diesel).
  • Modernization of the amine plant (to process additional gas with hydrogen sulphide).
  • New Units
  • Mild Hydrocracking plant (the key unit of the modernization package).
  • The new hydrogen plant (to supply hydrogen to the retrofitted MHC and VGO HDT units).
  • A new sulphur recovery plant (to process the future sulphur capacity).
  • A new flares system (to support the new units and the existing refineries).
  • Increasing the N2 liquid evaporation and automation capacity (to supply nitrogen to the retrofitted refinery).

Key figures- modernization and capacity increase program

Indicators 2008 2012
Capacity in mil. tons/year 3.5 5
Nelson index* 8.3 10.5
Kerosene and diesel %wt 2.6/38 5.5/45
Diesel in mil. tons/year 1.5 2.5
Gasoline in mil. tons/year 1.3 1.4
Kerosene in mil. tons/year 0.15 0.3

Modernization program in figures

Petromidia 200 engineering, procurement and construction companies involved.
Petromidia 4,000 people involved in all the projects of the Package
Petromidia Approximately 200 pieces of main equipment, weighting around 13,000 tons.
Petromidia Special lifting/hoisting and carriage for very heavy units (excess load of 450 tons).
Petromidia Special soil consolidation works using 15 m poles.
Petromidia Complex equipment installed (Catalytic Cracking reactor)